Modern graphology was born in France thanks to the abbot Jean-Hippolyte Michon in the middle of the 19th century, but by the end of the century the main research in this science shifted to Germany.
Contrary to an isolated analysis of signs of writing, used by Michon, German scientists started talking about ambiguity of every graphological sign, whose exact meaning can only be identified after having analysed the handwriting entirely.
A German physiologist William Thierry Preyer analysed handwritings of people with different hand injuries, who were forced to write with feet or their mouth. It turned out that handwritings before and after accidents were the same, and based on this Preyer made a conclusion that handwriting is in fact «brainwriting» and depends on brain activity and consciousness rather than on physiological factors.
With time, graphology took its rightful place in science as a psychological testing tool.
Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung used graphology when they were trying to slip into the unconscious; a well-known Austrian psychologist Alfred Adler also confirmed the importance of graphology and practised handwriting analyses of his patients.
In the US, psychologists Gordon Allport and Philip Vernon practised graphology. They proved that one’s movements are consistent, and behaviour patterns are shown through his walking, gestures, facial expression and handwriting.
Nowadays, graphology is an approved science in many countries in Europe, the US and is studied along with other disciplines in leading universities.
Graphology is used in psychology, medicine, forensics, education and business. Leading global companies use services of experts in graphology when they want to recruit personnel; graphologists regularly analyse notes written by astronauts in the orbit, in order to assess their nervous system and abilities to adapt.
Being a fast, convenient and exact method of identifying personality traits, skills and individual features of the mentality, graphology will definitely be used in the future.